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Korea - back from the brink
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"In the moment of victory, tighten your helmet strap. "- Ancient Japanese proverbIn September 1950, less than five years after receiving Japan's unconditional surrender, American troops were back in combat - this time under the aegis of the United Nations. On June 25, a disciplined North Korean army commanded by battle-tested officers who had proven their mettle fighting alongside Mao's Red Chinese army rolled across the 38th parallel, sending the Republic of Korea's (ROK) army into a rout.With the aid of American troops drawn from occupation duty in Japan, Supreme Commander of the Pacific, General Douglas MacArthur, had tightened up South Korea's defense.